The medical practitioners, a psychiatrist and a psychologist, are often confused as having the similar meaning, however, both medical professionals study and diagnose the conditions relating to the emotions, brain, feelings, and thoughts and thus, there is a thin line difference between the practices of both the practitioners. The major dissimilarity among both the fields is the educational degrees, specific training period, medical practice, and the salary. Also, the nature of treatment recommended by both the professionals is different from one another. The psychiatrist , or say, the medical practitioners prescribe medications to treat emotional or negative feelings by spending much of their time with the patient as a course of treatment. Whereas, the psychologists comprehensively emphasize on psychotherapies for diagnosing emotional and mental conditions in a patient with behavioral intervention. Some psychologists are also trained in conducting various psychological testing to assess the patient’s mental state and recommend the most effective course of treatment.
The patients of emotional and mental disorders visit the psychiatrist in Bhopal majorly due to the conditions such as frightening hallucinations, panic attacks, hearing unusual voices, or consistent thoughts of suicide. Or they can be in a state of emotional disorder because of the long-term conditions such as experiencing the feeling of hopelessness, sadness, or anxiousness, causing everyday life to feel distorted. Before undertaking the patient for the further treatment, the psychiatrist first performs a complete medical laboratory and psychological tests that will give the doctor an idea about the patient’s current physical, emotional, and mental state. The doctors then develop a treatment plan after understanding the complex relationship between the emotional and other physical or mental illness, and the relation with the family history and hormonal changes.
Most of the psychiatrist recommends the medication in much the same way that is used to diagnose conditions relating to diabetes or high blood pressure. After conducting various tests, the doctors might prescribe medications that will be helpful to overcome the mental or emotional disorders. The medications prescribed by the psychiatrist helps in balancing the chemistry of the brain that is involved and responsible for various mental disorders. Patients those are on long-term medication are asked to visit the clinic periodically to monitor the effectiveness of the prescribed treatment and to assure that the medication is not having any potential side-effects on the patient’s health.
Some common medications are:
- Anti-depressants – used to diagnose panic disorder depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and borderline personality disorder
- Antipsychotic medications – for schizophrenia and bi-polar disorders
- Stimulants – for ADHD
- Hypnotics – used to induce and control sleeping disorders
- Sedatives and anxiolytics – for anxiety and insomnia